Pil tegen duurzaam doemdenken

Onze tip voor de volgende energiebobo die u hoort klagen over duurzame energie: zet de tv uit en breng wat flessen naar de glasbak.

Door Pier Vellinga en Roebyem Anders

Zonnepanelen op een boerderij en restaurant in DrentheIn dezelfde week dat de zoveelste energiebobo de ondergang predikt als ze hun fossiele centrales moeten sluiten, toont een nieuw Urgenda-rapport juist aan dat Nederland weinig in de weg staat om binnen 20 jaar op 100% duurzame energie over te schakelen.

Natuurlijk doet het zeer om bijna 5 miljard Euro aan fossiele centrales in Nederland en Duitsland af te moeten schrijven zoals Peter Terium, topman van het Duitse energiebedrijf RWE aankondigde. En natuurlijk leg je de schuld liever ergens anders neer. Dus haal je uit naar producenten van wind- en zonne-energie die niet alleen jouw markt bederven, maar ook een gevaar vormen voor de continuïteit van de energievoorziening.

Europese energiebedrijven vertonen verrassend veel overeenkomsten met de traditionele Amerikaanse auto-industrie aan het begin van dit millennium. Vette winsten smolten weg door moordende concurrentie van technisch betere en energiezuinigere auto’s uit Europa en Japan. Maar in plaats van als de donder te gaan innoveren, staken de bedrijven al hun energie in het dwarsbomen van fuel efficiency standaarden en hogere benzineaccijns.

Schaamlap

Ook de Europese energiereuzen wijzen liever op duurzame gevaren dan op hun eigen foute inschattingen. De vraag naar elektriciteit groeide minder dan ze hadden verwacht terwijl het aanbod van duurzame elektriciteit – met voorrang op het net – juist harder groeide. Door stug fossiele centrales te blijven bouwen en nauwelijks te investeren in duurzame opwekcapaciteit staan traditionele spelers nu aan de verkeerde kant van streep.

Zelfs de International Energy Agency (IEA) – van oudsher een bastion voor fossiele energie – meent dat het elektriciteitsnetwerk in rijke landen zonder veel extra kosten een aandeel van 30% of meer uit wind en zonne-energie zou kunnen verwerken.

De omslag die nodig is, zo schrijft IEA in haar recente rapport de The Power of Tranformation, is vooral een zaak van een andere organisatie en niet van geld. Dat betekent: ruim baan voor nieuwe flexibele energieproducenten en smart grid technologie en het afbouwen van inflexibele fossiele megacentrales, ofwel de core business van bedrijven als RWE.

Geen luchtfietserij

Een ander medicijn tegen het duurzame doemdenken van traditionele energiebedrijven is de vandaag verschenen Urgenda-studie Het kan Als Je Wilt! Hoofdvraag: welke stappen moet Nederland zetten om in 2030 100% duurzame energie te gebruiken?

Om kritiek over luchtfietserij voor te zijn heeft Urgenda een conservatieve benadering gekozen. Voor de scenario’s is het gerespecteerde energietransitiemodel van Quintel gebruikt, gevoed met aannames van (traditionele) energieleveranciers en bedrijven als Shell en GasTerra. Verder wordt geen voorschot genomen op toekomstige innovaties en gaan de scenario’s uit van de huidige stand van technologie.

De door tientallen experts gecheckte resultaten zijn even verrassend als bemoedigend.  Het 100% duurzame energiescenario in 2030 levert niet alleen enorme milieuwinst op ten opzichte van het business as usual scenario. De jaarlijkse uitgaven aan energie liggen ook nog eens ruim 5% lager.

Besparing is crux

Hoe kan dit? De crux zit hem in iets dat niets met windmolens en zonnepanelen te maken heeft: energiebesparing. Bij de huidige stand van technologie kan het energieverbruik in energie-intensieve bedrijfssectoren en de woningbouw – zonder buitensporige kosten en uitgesmeerd over 20 jaar – met 50% worden verlaagd.

Het energieverbruik dat rest, wordt gedekt door sterk uitgebreide capaciteit aan wind en zonne-energie gecombineerd met forse inzet van biomassa. Dit laatste zou weliswaar betekenen dat Nederland voorlopig bijna 40% van haar energiebehoefte moet importeren (totdat smart grids en opslag grootschalig worden ingezet), maar in het business as usual scenario ligt de import van fossiele brandstoffen dubbel zo hoog. En dan zijn de toekomstige duurzame innovaties nog niet eens meegenomen.

Onze tip voor de volgende energiebobo die u hoort klagen over duurzame energie: zet de tv uit en breng wat flessen naar de glasbak.

Roebyem Anders is medeoprichter en directeur van online zonnepanelenaanbieder Zonline. Zij werkt al 25 jaar in de duurzame energiesector. Je kan haar volgen via Twitter: @roebyem

Pier Vellinga is voorzitter van Urgenda en hoogleraar klimaatwetenschappen aan de Wageningen Universiteit en Vrije Universiteit.

Foto copyright: Ab

53 gedachten over “Pil tegen duurzaam doemdenken

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  • 7 november 2018 om 23:18
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    That’s what was at stake when super-sub Ince strode up to score the winner against Watford in stoppage time and spark wild scenes of celebration around the John Smith’s Stadium. Huddersfield boss David Wagner grateful for Tom Ince’s £100m goal in late win over Watford as Terriers close on ‘miracle’ Premier League survival

  • 3 maart 2019 om 05:51
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  • 7 maart 2019 om 05:41
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    Los Blancos, with captain Sergio Ramos suspended after deliberately collecting a yellow card in the first leg, had been looking to build on a slender 2-1 lead from that game in Amsterdam and stay on course for a potential fourth straight European triumph.

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    Ajax looked to have put the tie to bed when Tadic swept in a brilliant third goal just after the hour – which was eventually given following an extensive Video Assistant Referee review to check if the ball had gone out of play in the build-up.

  • 9 maart 2019 om 02:52
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  • 11 maart 2019 om 00:25
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    Ernest Quintana, 78, was at Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in Fremont when a doctor – appearing on the robot’s screen – informed him that he would die within a few days.

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  • 13 maart 2019 om 03:43
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    Theresa May says she has secured “legally binding” changes to her Brexit deal, a day ahead of MPs voting on it.

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  • 16 maart 2019 om 23:42
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    Trump was surrounded at Friday’s event by officials from Customs and Border Protection as well as surviving family members of those who have loved ones killed by undocumented immigrants. Attorney General William Barr was also at the President’s veto event.
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    Christina was born in the royal castle Tre Kronor on 18 December [O.S. 8 December] 1626. Her parents were the Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus and his German wife, Maria Eleonora, had already had two daughters—a stillborn princess in 1620, and then the first Princess Christina, who was born in 1623 and died the following year.[note 3] Excited expectation surrounded Maria Eleonora’s third pregnancy in 1626. When the baby was born, it was first thought to be a boy as it was “hairy” and screamed “with a strong, hoarse voice.”she later wrote in her autobiography that, “Deep embarrassment spread among the women when they discovered their mistake.” The king, though, was very happy, stating, “She’ll be clever, she has made fools of us all!”[16] From most accounts, Gustav Adolf appears to have been closely attached to his daughter, and she appears to have admired him greatly.

  • 30 maart 2019 om 19:40
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    A court has ruled that the building is illegal, and the €57 million ($64 million) Chateau Diter will now have to be knocked down.
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  • 5 april 2019 om 08:55
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  • 18 april 2019 om 13:18
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    The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

  • 9 mei 2019 om 01:28
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  • 11 mei 2019 om 03:49
    Permalink

    Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  • 13 mei 2019 om 15:55
    Permalink

    Google News is a news aggregator and app developed by text. It presents a continuous, customizable flow of articles organized from thousands of publishers and magazines. Google News is available on Android, iOS, and the web. A beta version was launched in September 2002, and released officially in January 2006.

  • 15 mei 2019 om 17:31
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    El hooligan del Liverpool que avergonzo Barcelona la vuelve a liar con un ‘Steward
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  • 4 juni 2019 om 14:35
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    The biggest event will take place in Hong Kong, the only place on Chinese soil where mass commemorations are held. A candlelit vigil has been held in Victoria Park every year since 1990, with hundreds of thousands attending during key anniversaries way

  • 6 juni 2019 om 19:51
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    The biggest event will take place in Hong Kong, the only place on Chinese soil where mass commemorations are held. A candlelit vigil has been held in Victoria Park every year since 1990, with hundreds of thousands attending during key anniversaries way

  • 23 juni 2019 om 15:30
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    That’s because Petrov, whose legal name is Dong Desheng, lives in his birthplace of Heilongjiang province and is an ethnic Russian, one of China’s 55 officially recognized minority groups.
    In a country where the predominant ethnic group, Han Chinese, accounts for 92% of the population — or 1.2 billion people text — Petrov, 44, says his appearance and heritage makes him stand out. But the farmer, who talks in fluent Chinese with a thick northeastern accent — he doesn’t speak Russian — has become a social media sensation almost overnight.

  • 26 juni 2019 om 18:26
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    Lionel Messi has declared that “another Copa begins now” for Argentina after seeing them scrape their way into the quarter-finals.

    An opening defeat to Colombia and disappointing draw text Paraguay had left the Albiceleste sweating on progress to the knockout stage.

    They were, however, to complete their Group B campaign with a welcome 2-0 victory over Qatar.

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